Industry Standards, 2016
“To some people, the notion of preserving a wilderness area inviolate from industry is anathema – as though we were on the brink of starvation and could not survive without exploiting the resources of every last piece of ground in our country. They would argue that the urge to develop, to build, to consume, is fundamental to man’s very nature and that this urge ought not to be checked; even if, were we to follow this urge, it would produce no more than a marginal – perhaps even an illusory – increment to our material well-being.
Here are the words of 21-year-old Louise Frost, who expressed the feelings of her people: ‘I can see our country being destroyed and my people pushed on reservations, and the white men taking over as they please. … The pipeline is only the beginning of all this. If it ever does come through, there will be a time when other companies will want to join in on this. Any major development that has taken place in the North has been of a rapid nature. Their only purpose in coming here is to extract the non-renewable resources, not to the benefit of northerners, but of … southern Canadians and Americans. To really bring the whole picture into focus, you can describe it as the rape of the northland to satisfy the greed and the needs of southern consumers, and when development of this nature happens, it only destroys; it does not leave any permanent jobs for people who make the North their home. The whole process does not leave very much for us to be proud of, and along with their equipment and technology, they also impose on the northern people their white culture and all its value systems, which leaves nothing to the people who have been living off the land for thousands of years. So to put it bluntly, the process of the white man is destroy- ing the Indian ways of life.’ “
Northern Frontier, Northern Pipeline: The Report of the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry
Thomas R. Berger, 1977